Mr. Robert Lummack is a PhD candidate in the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa and a SSHRC fellow. His thesis uses complexity theory to understand war across multiple levels with a focus on the war in eastern Ukraine. Mr. Lummack has worked in National Defence at the CWO Robert Osside Institute since 2009. He has designed and teaches courses on systemic design, including ‘Military Application of Systems Theory’ and ‘Complexity of Operations and the WPS Agenda’. He has also designed curriculum and taught for capacity building projects in Jordan, Brazil, Macedonia, Philippines and Peru. Previously, Mr. Lummack completed an internship at UNICEF HQ, was a researcher for the Presidential Human Rights Commission of Guatemala (COPREDEH) and has participated in electoral observation missions. His Masters is in Political Science – International Relations and Comparative Politics of Developing Regions (McMaster 2007).